Rehabilitation Services

The rehabilitation team you assemble will be unique to you and will largely depend on your injury severity, your physical, mental, and emotional needs, your geographic location, and your insurance coverage.

Rehabilitation is a multi-step process (e.g. acute, subacute, chronic) and can occur in several different settings (e.g. inpatient, home care, day rehabilitation, outpatient rehabilitation).

Our goal at LoveYourBrain is to introduce you to the variety of services that exist and empower you to tailor your own team of specialists, since each TBI is unique.

Traditional specialists



  • Evaluates hearing loss and other auditory disorders, such as vestibular (balance) issues and tinnitus (ringing in the ears).


Case manager

  • Works with individuals or families who are dealing with medical situations to help them navigate effective treatment and resource solutions.


Cognitive rehabilitation therapist

  • Trained to help brain injured individuals regain cognitive functioning or learn strategies to compensate for cognitive deficits.


Educational assistance counselor

  • Advocates for the educational needs of an injured individual and provides resources to help manage special education.


Neurological and Vestibular physiotherapist

  • Uses physical therapy to treat dizziness and imbalance.



  • Diagnoses and treats diseases and injuries of the central nervous system (brain and spinal cord) and peripheral nervous system (nerves outside of the brain and spinal cord).  



  • Psychologists who examine the relationship between brain structure/function and behavior.  Clinical neuropsychologists can evaluate cognitive processing following a TBI.



  • Specializes in surgical treatment of neurological conditions, but also involved in non-operative aspects of disorders such as diagnosis, prevention, and rehabilitation.


Occupational therapist

  • Evaluates and helps individuals with activities of daily living (ADLs), with a focus on upper body function, vision, and cognitive skills.



  • Treats disease and injury to the eyes and visual system, using surgical and non-surgical procedures.



  • Provides vision and eye care services, including eye exams, eyeglass prescriptions, and treatment for conditions such as near/far-sightedness and astigmatism. Often works with ophthalmologists to provide care.



  • Oversees the multi-disciplinary rehabilitation team and treats nerve, muscle and bone injuries that affect mobility.


Physical therapist

  • Evaluates injuries and designs and implements therapeutic exercise plans, and other non-surgical treatments, to restore healthy function.



  • Diagnoses and treats mental, emotional, and behavioral disorders.  Can prescribe medications to help ameliorate symptoms.



  • Evaluates and counsels in the mind-behavior relationship, which includes providing education and support for adjustment to injury, as well as cognitive assessment and therapy.


Recreation therapist

  • Uses a variety of recreation modalities to help individuals with injuries or illnesses.  Treatment programs may include sports, games, arts and crafts, and dance.


Rehabilitation nurse

  • Cares for individuals experiencing illnesses or disabilities that impair normal functioning.  Aids with treatment and helps people adjust to an altered lifestyle.


Respiratory specialist

  • A pulmonologist (M.D.) or certified respiratory therapist (CRT) that provides medical treatment for individuals dealing with pulmonary issues.


Social workeR  

  • Helps clients manage daily life after injury, including finding appropriate rehabilitation services, financial and legal aid, social support, and education accommodations.


Speech pathologist

  • Evaluates and treats individuals with disorders related to speech, language, cognitive-communication, and swallowing.



  • Focuses on urinary tract system and male reproductive organs.

Holistic treatment


Holistic medicine considers the whole person – body, mind, and spirit.  A holistic approach to therapy may include a variety of treatments, including those listed above as ‘traditional’.  Many of the ‘alternative’ therapies listed below are not covered by health insurance plans.


  • Art therapist

    • Uses creative artistic expression as a means for rehabilitation or treatment.


  • Chiropractor

    • Treats issues with the musculoskeletal system through nonsurgical procedures including physical adjustments as well as physical therapy and dietary recommendations.


  • Craniosacral therapist

    • Uses a form of bodywork intended to gently manipulate the bones of the skull.


  • Equestrian therapist

    • Utilizes experiential therapy using horses to promote physical and emotional development.  Also called equine therapy or equine-assisted therapy (EAT).


  • Hyperbaric oxygen therapist (HBOT)

    • Implements the medical treatment of breathing pure oxygen in a pressurized room or chamber.


  • Light therapist

    • Trained to expose individuals to specific wavelengths of near-infrared light-emitting diodes (LEDs).  Also referred to as phototherapy.


  • Massage therapist

    • Gently manipulates soft body tissues to promote health and well-being.


  • Meditation teacher

    • Teaches any practice centered on self-regulating the mind.  Meditation techniques cultivate many beneficial qualities, including concentration, clarity, non-attachment, positivity, and tranquility.


  • Music therapist

    • Uses clinical and evidence-based use of music to address physical, cognitive, emotional, and social needs.


  • Nutritionist or Dietician

    • Educates and advises on the nutritional effect of food on one’s health.


  • Yoga instructor

    • An ancient discipline and philosophy that originated in India and includes spiritual and mental practice, as well as physical asanas (poses).